Five test stands were originally constructed in the Bowl area. Vertical Test Stand #1 (VTS-1) is historically significant in that it is a copy of a German World Was II test facility at Pennemunde.

History & Accomplishments

 

  • First large rocket engine test site activated at

SSFL activated in 1949

  • Developed the first use of tube-wall thrust

Chamber design for the Navaho Program in

1953

  • Supported the first launch of the Redstone in

1953

Programs

 

  • Navaho, Redstone, Thor, Jupiter, Atlas, Saturn-V

Test Stand Activity

  • Prep. Stand -1              Activated 7/49         Test records n/a
  • VTS-1                         Activated 3/50              655 Tests
  • VTS-2                         Activated 9/53       Test records n/a
  • VTS-3                         Activated 5/55              419 Tests
  • HTS-1                         Activated 1/51              1933 Tests

VTS II at the Bowl Area of the SSFL XLR71-NA-1 engine test in 1954.

Bowl Area Horizontal Test Stand HTS Engine Hot Firing

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J2 Firing at the Bowl Area – Date Unknown

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Vertical Test Stand #1 (VTS-1).

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BOWL AREA VTS 3B

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Early Map of the Bowl in AREA I.

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Bowl Area 1963

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BOWL AREA VTS 3A & 3B

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Bowl Area First Full Thrust Pump Fed Engine Hot Firing 1950

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Bowl Area First Full Thrust Pump Fed Engine Hot Firing 1950

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BOWL AREA VTS III J2 Hot Fire

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BOWL AREA From Above

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BOWL AREA POND VTS II HTS VTSI VTSIII

North American Aviation VTS I Test of the Navaho B-64 Engine in 1952.

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VTS II in 1954 Pre-Test of the NAA XLR-NA-I.

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VTS II in 1954 Pre-Test of the NAA XLR-NA-I.

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VTS II in 1954 Pre-Test of the NAA XLR-NA-I.

The 1950’s Test Firing of Experimental Rocket Motor. A post-war development was the formation of North American Aviation Missiles Division, originally the Missile Development Division, created for the Project NATIV experiments that NAA conducted in the late 1940s using captured German V-2 rockets. These experiments evolved into the X-10 program, the SM-64 Navaho and later the GAM-77 (AGM-28) Hound Dog. In 1960, the Missile Division became the Space Division, which would lead North American to the Moon.

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10-24 1950

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10-24 1950

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10-24 1950

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Bowl in 1993

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Bowl in 1993

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Bowl in 1993